Posts Tagged “swindle”

you probably don't wanna knowNote: There’s some recent news in this case; see the update below.

I’ve long complained that Johnny Law tends to turn a blind eye to the machinations and lies of “psychics.” Criminal prosecutions are extremely rare. At worst, when caught, they pay off their victims (sometimes only partly) then lay low for a short time and move on to new targets. They almost never see the inside of a prison. No wonder it’s such a lucrative business!

But the South Florida Sun-Sentinel reports on the unusual example of one such trial, which got underway today (WebCite cached article):

When Fort Lauderdale fortune teller Rose Marks goes on trial Monday, accused of masterminding a $25 million fraud, the case will offer a rare peek inside the secretive world of those who say they have psychic powers.

The amount of money involved in what prosecutors say was a 20-year scam and the celebrity status of the main witness — best-selling romance novelist Jude Deveraux, who they say lost $17 million — have brought notoriety to the case.

Though it’s not the first time a “psychic” has been criminally charged with fleecing customers, trials in such cases are uncommon, records show. Most fortune tellers accused of fraud have reached plea agreements with prosecutors or agreed to pay back what their clients said they owed.

Among the schemes employed by Marks and her family (the rest of them have already pled guilty) is their own variation on the old “gypsy curse” scam:

Marks and her family convinced some of the walk-in clients that their problems were caused by curses that had dogged their families for generations and that the family could perform rituals and other services to remove those curses, prosecutors said.

While they acknowledge that fortune telling is not against the law, “any more than performing magic or card tricks is not unlawful, or telling lies is not, per se, unlawful,” prosecutors say that Marks and her family committed fraud by making false promises and not returning money they said they would give back.

Marks herself protests her innocence and claims to be the victim:

In an exclusive interview about the case, Marks told the Sun Sentinel in December that she did nothing wrong.

“I gave my life to these people. We’re talking about clients of 20 years, 30 years, 40 years. We’re not talking about someone I just met and took all their money and ran off,” Marks said.…

Marks told the Sun Sentinel that she earned the money Deveraux paid her during their 17-year friendship. She said she was a personal assistant to Deveraux and negotiated a fee of about $1 million a year when she agreed to give up her profitable business to work almost exclusively for the wealthy author, whose work includes more than 35 books on the New York Times bestsellers list.

Marks also said that she helped Deveraux write some of her novels.

“I was her inspiration and gave her insight on Romani mysticism and beliefs in the after life and religion and the psychic world and the spiritual world and romany theology and … it took a lot of time and effort,” Marks told the newspaper.

Oh, and, of course, this prosecution was triggered by anti-Romani prejudice:

Marks’ defense says she is the victim of bias against the Roma, also known as Gypsies, and that investigators drummed up the charges against her after some of her long-term clients experienced “buyer’s remorse.”

While there’s no doubt that there’s anti-Romani prejudice in the world, that doesn’t mean there can’t still be some crooked Romani out there who genuinely deserve to be prosecuted.

At any rate, it’s heartening to see the criminal justice system actually take on these metaphysical swindlers. What a lot of these psychics do is fraud — plain and simple — and it ought to be prosecuted a lot more often.

Update: Putative “psychic” Rose Marks was given a 10-year federal sentence for her swindle (cached) after being convicted in September 2013.

Photo credit: Flood, via Flickr.

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By now you must have heard the story of Rom Houben, the poor man injured some 23 years ago, who — it turns out — was misdiagnosed all those years as being in a vegetative state, but who in fact was wide awake but simply unable to communicate. The Associated Press, CBS News, the (UK) Telegraph, NPR, CNN, and even Al Jazeera — among thousands of mass media outlets — have all reported this amazing story. How could it have happened, people have have been asking? How could the doctors have been so stupid or inattentive? How did they miss this? The talking heads have pontificated endlessly on how and why no one ever bothered to review poor Mr Houben’s condition or reassess his status.

There’s only one problem with all of this. The story, it turns out, may be fraudulent.

That’s right … this story which has transfixed the world for the last couple of days … may be a hoax.

To parrot the question being asked of Mr Houben’s doctors … “How could this happen? How could thousands of media outlets have been swindled?” Well, Wired magazine explains this astonishing story:

The statements of a Belgian man believed to be in a coma for 23 years, but recently discovered to be conscious, are poignant, but experts say they may not be his words at all.

Rom Houben’s account of his ordeal, repeated in scores of news stories since appearing Saturday in Der Spiegel, appears to be delivered with assistance from an aide who helps guide his finger to letters on a flat computer keyboard. Called “facilitated communication,” that technique has been widely discredited, and is not considered scientifically valid. …

Facilitated communication came to prominence in the late 1970s after an Australian teacher reportedly used it to communicate with 12 children rendered speechless by cerebral palsy and other disorders. …

Researchers said that facilitators were unconsciously or consciously guiding patients’ hands. Multiple professional organizations, including the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and the American Academy of Pediatrics, say that facilitated communication is not credible.

It was James “the Amazing” Randi who first raised the specter of fraud in this story, and who is quoted in the Wired piece:

“I believe that he is sentient. They’ve shown that with MRI scans,” said James Randi, a prominent skeptic who during the 1990s investigated the use of facilitated communication for autistic children. But in the video, “You see this woman who’s not only holding his hand, but what she’s doing is directing his fingers and looking directly at the keyboard. She’s pressing down on the keyboard, pressing messages for him. He has nothing to do with it.”

According to Randi, facilitated communication could only be considered credible if the facilitator didn’t look at the keyboard or screen while supporting Houben’s hand, and helped him type messages in response to questions she had not heard, thus ensuring that Houben’s responses are entirely his own.

Randi is absolutely correct when he said, “This cruel farce has to stop!” Now that the cat is out of the bag, as it were, it’s time for all those thousands of media outlets who picked up and parroted this story, to retract it, admit the account they reported was fraudulent (not that they were being fraudulent, but rather that the people who fed them the story had presented them a lie), and explain how they allowed themselves to be swindled.

This is a case of disingenuous “facilitated communication,” nothing more. And it’s time for the mass media to stop propagating it … immediately.

This story has even become political fodder for the Religious Right, especially those who still remember the Terri Schiavo case and who sanctimoniously refuse to let go of it. It’s even being used to whine and complain and fume about “Obamacare,” even though neither Barack Obama nor “socialized medicine” had the slightest thing to do with this hoax.

Curiously, I suspect the mass media do not, in fact, have the integrity or fortitude it would take to admit this was a hoax, take back these reports, and explain how they were deceived. Then again, they might surprise me. At least one talking head at MSNBC is expressing doubts. Let’s hope more media figures do the same.

Hat tip: The Skeptic’s Dictionary.

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